However, it is not associated with the answers regarding agreement or disagreement concerning the conceptual characteristics of plagiarism, notwithstanding their corresponding to the correct interpretation made of practical situations describing cases of plagiarism. Over half of the respondents See that the percentage of answers is close. Also, the fact of remembering or not to have received guidance and information on plagiarism was verified not to present differences regarding the percentage of respondents who agreed or disagreed with the issues defining or theoretically characterizing plagiarism.
Some implications related to this dissociation between theoretical and practical knowledge may be the occurrence of accidental plagiarism, a common modality of involvement in which individuals do not know they are doing plagiarism once they do not know the rules, the concepts, the characteristics or the types of plagiarism. Maybe for this reason, the respondents of this study considered that plagiarism occurs more for intentional than for accidental reasons.
On some questions of V.I. Arnold on the stochasticity of geometric and arithmetic progressions
Moreover, the knowledge received in the writing practices may be dissociated from the characterization of plagiarism and perhaps even mischaracterized by the prominence that may be given to the use of such techniques simply relating them to the author visibility ends. In summary, this study suggests that the challenge of the efficacy of the strategies to fight plagiarism seems to go beyond the mere conceptual orientation regarding plagiarism, the instrumental training for academic writing or even providing information on what characterizes plagiarism. Even though these strategies should be considered important and necessary, they seem to be insufficient to combat plagiarism in the academic environment, seeing the permanence and the incidence rate of this problem.
Besides, making efforts to prevent plagiarism is better than simply detecting and punishing. We conclude that although the technical training regarding the correct use of research sources is an important prerequisite in the capacity building process, it is insufficient to prevent academic plagiarism. As from this observation, the reflection on the aspects related to the gap between what is known theoretical knowledge and what is done practical action regarding plagiarism seems to be a promising trend for other studies, which may produce new results to contribute to preventing and to reducing the occurrence of academic plagiarism or even than challenging our comprehension on plagiarism.
Considering that in this study was found that although technical training related to the correct use of research sources is an important prerequisite in the capacity-building process, it is not enough for academic plagiarism to be prevented; perhaps it is time to reconsider what exactly plagiarism is in the academic field.
The most important objective in scientific writing is the original content and the words utilized are just resources to communicate a scientific idea or finding with accuracy and objectivity Habibzadeh and Shashok Hence, new studies on the reason to cite or to give credits in scientific texts are recommended. It could directly affect the manner guidelines are defined as well as how the renewal of the ethics in publications is established.
The problems regarding academic plagiarism may not merely be related to who owns the words, but the propriety accuracy more than property ownership , how they are utilized in this sharing era. The paper has now been submitted to additional double-blind peer review to this journal and, as a result of revisions and suggestions, is different from the previous version presented at the Plagiarism Conference and the text uploaded at the open repositories.
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Accessed on November 16th, Factors associated with student plagiarism in a post university. Assess Eval High Educ 30 2 : Il calcolo dele assicurazioni su gruppi di teste. Rome: Italy, p. Biometrics An examination of factors related to plagiarism and a five-year follow-up of plagiarism at an Australian university. International Journal for Educational Integrity 7 1 : Paraphrasing, Plagiarism, and Misrepresentation in Scientific Writing.
Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science : On the interpretation of chi square from contingency tables, and the calculation of PJR. Statist Soc Do students think what teachers think about plagiarism? International Journal for Educational Integrity 10 1 : International Journal for Educational Integrity 6 1 : Hastings Law J 54 1 : Plagiarism in scientific writing: words or ideas? Croat Med J 52 4 : The plagiarism handbook. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing.
Plagiarism: What should a teacher do? Seven ways to plagiarise: handling real allegations of research misconduct. Sci Eng Ethics 8 4 : Does culture influence understanding and perceived seriousness of plagiarism? International Journal for Educational Integrity 4 2 : Individual and contextual influences on academic dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Research in Higher Education 38 3 : New honor codes for a new generation.
Ethics Behav 11 3 : Research in Higher Education 43 3 : In: Mendel University in Brno. Plagiarism across Europe and Beyond. Conference Proceedings…, Brno, Czech Republic. Springer Series in Statistics Perspectives in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY. Good and original: Plagiarism and patchwriting in academic second-language.
J Second Lang Writ 12 4 : Types of plagiarism. J High Educ 80 6 : ROIG M. Commentary: Ethical writing should be taught. BMJ : Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing. An Acad Bras Cienc Federal Register 70 94 : Discussing plagiarism in Latin American Science. Brazilian researchers begin to address an ethical issue. EMBO Reports 10 7 : We request your cooperation to respond to this questionnaire, which will take no longer than 10 minutes.
We pledge to keep your participation. We thank you for your attention and participation and we are ready to clear any necessary issues through the e-mail: dtsibi usp. Literally copying word by word a paragraph from a text without making any identification of the source consulted is plagiarism. Writing a paragraph using sentences from other texts, presenting the sources consulted solely in the list of references at the end of the work is plagiarism. The new version had only a few items altered, such as date, name of discipline, introduction and conclusion. At no time was it clarified that the work content was practically the same as that from the other work written by the same student Suppose a certain student has to hand in academic work in the next few days and has asked some friends to help and managed to find a work with the same theme already written and delivered by one of them.
Is that plagiarism? A certain student has to hand in his academic work and knows a place where under-order works are sold.
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He buys and hands it in as if it had been written by him. Among the reasons below, which do you consider to mostly influence the occurrence of plagiarism in academic works? In your opinion, which is the most efficient action to prevent plagiarism in academic activities? Institutional actions, such as the adoption of honor codes, guidance handbooks and presentation of institutional policies. Tick the actions adopted by the higher education institutions at which the respondent studied and which aimed to inform and to guide students towards preventing academic plagiarism.
At the institution, there were lectures on the plagiarism theme in some of the course discipline programs. The institution handed out printed materials guides, manuals, leaflets, posters on academic plagiarism. I do not remember any specific activity adopted at the institution aiming to inform and to guide students towards preventing the occurrence of academic plagiarism.
In a work under development, a student that synthesizes a piece of information about a recent research publicly broadcast on television. Correspondence to: Marcelo Krokoscz E-mail: marcelok fecap. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Journal. The analyses considered only the valid answers blank responses or duplicates were discarded.
Theoretical-conceptual knowledge Analysis and practical interpretation Question 1. Fully agree Fully disagree Question Fully disagree. Value-p Question 1 x Question 16 Question 2 versus Question 16 Question 2 versus Question 17 Question 3 versus Question 16 Question 3 versus Question 17 Question age aged 36 to We pledge to keep your participation The questionnaires are to be returned by December 15, Fully agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully disagree 2.
But how could this be established without the labels?
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In desperation, Good transported himself out of the lab with its dishes and labels and back to his world of statistics and hypothesis testing. Back in this abstract realm of probabilities and likelihoods, Good developed a whole new line of statistical approaches and formalised decision-making techniques which allow him to claim with varying degrees of confidence which dish should have had which label.
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Inspired by these lost labels, Good made insights that have since paved the way for hypothesis testing throughout mathematics for various scenarios, not just biological ones. Without this moment of serendipity, albeit initially disastrous, Good might never have been motivated to consider experimental data and interpreting results in such a way at all, and therefore, never developed such important statistical tools for future generations of mathematicians.
The accidental loss of labels thus prompted key discoveries. The labels themselves were never found. Office gossip of varying kinds can have a big impact, as French mathematician Yves Meyer found out. Prior to some banter at the office with colleagues, Meyer had never heard of wavelets, but they made him a household name in the field of signal processing.
Indeed, wavelets are a relatively new branch of mathematics, having been developed over the last two decades to enhance digital technologies among other things. They are crucial in a wide range of practical applications including graphics, audio signals, and edge detection. The field has been advanced by researchers from many different specialities, including engineering, computer science, physics, pure and applied mathematics.
This coincidence generated much enthusiasm in him. He knew of analogous type structures but in a branch of pure mathematics called harmonic analysis. Inspired by this conversation, Meyer dedicated his researches to this new topic. In particular, he discovered a new type of wavelet quite by accident. In this way, while looking to verify the absence of something, through this very search, he found the exact opposite to be the case. Every research mathematician can readily offer their own stories of coincidence in the process of mathematical invention.
Despite its logical foundation and pedantic predictability, mathematics arises through the synthetic function of reason. Mathematical insight is thus a delicate balance between chance and certainty. Indeed, a doodle, an oversight, or chasing after a false conviction are but three of the ways in which a stroke of serendipity performs its whimsical magic in the generation of new mathematical knowledge. Daubechies, Ingrid. Gardner, Martin. Good, Phillip. Permutation, Parametric, and Bootstrap Tests of Hypotheses. Springer series in Statistics, Boston: Springer 3rd edition. Hodges, E. The Three Princes of Serendip.
Atheneum, New York Livio, Mario. Author: Cortexd. Her consideration of the mathematical achievements of early cultures is carried out by the examination and analysis of primary source material in Sanskrit, Arabic, Greek, Latin, and Cuneiform. Her first book, Chasing Shadows-Mathematics, Astronomy, and the Early History of Eclipse Reckoning, focusing on the theoretical treatment of eclipse phenomena in the ancient world, was recently published by Johns Hopkins University Press.
She is currently immersed in an international project on the history of mathematical astronomy in Sanskrit sources supported by a five-year Rutherford Discovery Fellowship awarded by the Royal Society of New Zealand. Her work involves travelling to India to locate Sanskrit manuscripts, reading the mathematics they include, and making their contents available to the scholarly world and beyond. What's On For the next week. Unearthed Until 3 Nov A Not So Traditional … 24 - 27 Sep Keepsakes 24 Sep - 23 Nov Flamenco Fire — Vein … 26 Sep , pm.
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